Seven Into Six Goes ... ?

Suppose you are the Lead Official of a Long Jump competition in which everyone has six attempts. If at the end of that competition two or more athletes have recorded the same best distance, then their final placings will be decided by the better second-best performance (or even, third, fourth etc. if necessary).

However suppose the competition rules are that everyone gets three attempts and the top six (eight in major Championships, other numbers in some other competitions) are entitled to three further attempts. What if there is a tie for the final qualifying place? In that case, all the athletes concerned in the tie are entitled to the extra trials, so there could be seven, eight or possibly more in the so-called "final six". However at the end of the competition, any tie is decided by the second-best performances from all six trials.

At major Championships, the Qualifying Pool system is used. Athletes are allocated to two or more pools, who compete separately. A qualifying standard is set: